Early Census Data Shows Unicameral Needs Redistricting In 2021

Early Census Data Shows Unicameral Needs Redistricting In 2021

Figures released this week by the U.S. Census Bureau provide the last look at estimated populations of Nebraska Unicameral districts prior to official 2020 Census results to be released next spring. New data from the American Community Survey, the Census Bureau’s main product for providing socio-economic information, show district populations as of July 1, 2017.

The figures indicate Nebraska will have about 1.948 million people in 2020, or an average of 39,756 across its 49 Unicameral districts. The analysis shows that 13 districts with high rates of population growth will be more than 5% above the average district size.

Most growing districts are in the state’s most populated counties of Douglas, Lancaster, and Sarpy, led by District 39, Elkhorn. District 39 will likely have a 2020 Census count near 58,000 or 46% above the average district size in Nebraska. Districts 49, Gretna, and 10, Bennington, are each expected to have more than 50,000 residents or about 26% above the average district population. According to David Drozd, a census data expert at the Center for Public Affairs Research at the University of Nebraska at Omaha, “The only district estimated to be 5% above the average size that is not in a Big Three county is District 37, in Buffalo County, the state’s fourth-fastest growing county.”

Conversely, the analysis shows 20 districts that are expected to be 5% below the average district size. Many of these primarily rural districts have been losing population for many years and some may be as much as 5,000 persons, or 13%, below the average district size.

While most districts 5% below the average size are in rural locations, a few are located within Douglas County, including Districts 6, 9, 11, 20, and 31. “These are more fully developed areas, closer to the center of Omaha, that do not have as much land to develop as compared to the growth in housing construction that is currently occurring along the urban fringe,” Drozd said.

Population shifts across the state will impact redistricting and the size and boundaries of districts. The redistricting process attempts to equalize legislative district populations so that the most and least populated districts do not differ by more than 10%, 5% above or below, the average-size district population. The release date for 2020 Census counts used in redistricting has not been set and will likely be delayed as a result of the impact of the coronavirus and some severe weather events, nationally, that have impacted Census Bureau operations and processing.

This analysis was conducted utilizing 2010 Census counts and the population growth rate between 2010 and 2017 to estimate population levels in 2020.  These data are a guide for redistricting but the analysis is not officially part of that process.